We use the pattern verb+ to infinitive with various common verbs: I have arranged to meet some friends tonight. She has hoping to get a better job. The negative form is not+to infinitive. We decided not to buy the cheapest…

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Forms of should: POSITIVE should + verb You should do more exercise. NEGETIVE should not + verb You should not watch so much TV. QUESTION Should+ subject+verb should I phone them again? We use should for the present and the…

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Some examples of must and have to : You must obey the rules. I have to make a phone call. The positive form of must is:

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positive forms of can can + verb I can swim quite well. NEGATIVE Cannot + verb We can not afford a new car. QUESTIONS Can+ subject+verb Can you speak any other languages? We use can and can not for the…

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In subject question with who , the pattern is : who+ singular verb who wants something to eat? who is going to help me? The answer to a subject question with who is the subject of the verb: who went…

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to form questions with when,where,why,and how,we use these pattern. question word +auxiliary (do,have,etc) +subject +verb when does the film start? question word + be+ subject when was the exam? to form question with which and whose ,we use this pattern:…

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we use going to for actions that we have decided to do in the future. first we think and decide , then we say what we have decided about the future ,using going to I am going to catch the…

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we use past simple to talk about things happening at a particular time in the past and we use the past simple if we understand exactly when something happened but do not say when we use the pattern past simple…

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we use the present simple to talk about facts that are always true. we use present simple for permanent situations. we use the present simple for things we do regularly .we can use it with words and phrases describing how often something happens.…

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form of present perfect have/has + past participle positive I/YOU/We/They/ have/worked he/she/it/has/worked NEGATIVE I/YOU/We/They/have not/worked he/she/it/has not/worked QUESTION have/I/YOU/We/they worked has/he/she/it/worked

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